The Challenge of Peace Building and Conflict Transformation: A Case Study of Northern Ireland

Neil Jarman

Abstract


This paper provides an overview of the transition from armed conflict to peace in Northern Ireland between 1994 and 2016. It discusses the main stages of the peace process and the main elements of the peace agreement in relation to the development of global thinking around peacebuilding as set out in the United Nations 1992 report Agenda for Peace and the 2000 Brahimi Report. The paper argues that while Northern Ireland is often highlighted as a positive example of peacebuilding, its example is not without limitations. Overall, the experience of the past twenty years emphasizes the importance of ensuring a broadly inclusive process and the need for a sustained commitment over a long period.

Keywords


Northern Ireland; peacebuilding; conflict transformation; inclusiveness; sustainability; United Nations

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18523/kmlpj88597.2016-2.129-146

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Kyiv-Mohyla Law and Politics Journal

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