Characteristics of Advocacy under Different Freedom Regimes: Belarus, Ukraine, and Lithuania


  • Svitlana Batsyukova World Bank, Ukraine



advocacy, freedom status, characteristics of advocacy, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus


This article presents a comparative analysis of the characteristics of advocacy in three countries with different levels of political and civil freedom. This analysis correlates each country’s freedom level with the characteristics of its advocacy activities. The analysis’s results are based on interviews of experts conducted from 2015 through 2017 in unfree Belarus, partly free Ukraine, and free Lithuania. The analysis focuses on the following advocacy characteristics: its scale; its agents and targets; its goals; the extent to which it sought to protect rights, freedoms, and other interests, its promotion of ideas; and its results.


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