Characteristics of Advocacy under Different Freedom Regimes: Belarus, Ukraine, and Lithuania
Keywords:advocacy, freedom status, characteristics of advocacy, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus
AbstractThis article presents a comparative analysis of the characteristics of advocacy in three countries with different levels of political and civil freedom. This analysis correlates each country’s freedom level with the characteristics of its advocacy activities. The analysis’s results are based on interviews of experts conducted from 2015 through 2017 in unfree Belarus, partly free Ukraine, and free Lithuania. The analysis focuses on the following advocacy characteristics: its scale; its agents and targets; its goals; the extent to which it sought to protect rights, freedoms, and other interests, its promotion of ideas; and its results.
Baltos iospirštinės. “Savanoriai yra didžiausias „Baltųjų pirštineų“ turtas.” Accessed April 10, 2020. https://www.baltosiospirstines.lt/savanoryste.
Batsyukova, Svitlana. “Characteristics of Advocacy in Current Belarus. Results of Expert Interviews.” Info-bulletin of Lviv University. The series of Philosophy and Political Studies 11 (2017): 111–16.
Batsyukova, Svitlana. “Defining Advocacy as a Subject of Research in Political Science.” Info-bulletin of Kharkiv National University. Series “Issues of Political Science” 27 (2014): 77–82.
Batsyukova, Svitlana. “Freedom Status as a Reflection of Existence of Advocacy in Society” Academic journal “POLITICUS” (2017): 44–46.
Batsyukova, Svitlana. “Motivating Factors for Advocacy in Countries with Different Freedom Statuses: Ukraine and Belarus.” The Ideology and Politics Journal: 5–29.
Belarusian Institute of Strategic Studies. The Center of European information. “Research on the potential of solidarity in Belarusian civil society”. Accessed April 24, 2020. http://cet.eurobelarus.info/files/userfiles/5/CET/2014_Solidarity_NGOs_Belarus.pdf.
Diuk, Nadia, “Finding Ukraine.” Journal of Democracy. The Maidan and Beyond. 25, no. 3 (2014): 83–90.
Freedom House. “Freedom in the World 2019. Belarus.” Accessed April 25, 2020. https://freedomhouse.org/country/belarus/freedom-world/2019.
Freedom House. “Freedom in the World 2019. Lithuania.” Accessed April 25, 2020. https://freedomhouse.org/country/lithuania/freedom-world/2019.
Freedom House. “Freedom in the World 2019. Ukraine.” Accessed April 25, 2020. https://freedomhouse.org/country/ukraine/freedom-world/2019.
Freedom House. “Freedom in the World 2019 Methodology.” Accessed April 23, 2020. https://freedomhouse.org/sites/default/files/2020-02/Methodology_FIW_2019_for_website.pdf.
Jenkins-Smith, Hank, “The Advocacy Coalition Framework: an Assessment.” Theories of the Policy Process (CO: Westview Press 1999): 117–68.
Juska, Arunas and Charles Woolfson, “Policing Political Protest in Lithuania”. Crime, Law and Social Change no. 57 (2012): 403–24.
Law of Ukraine. “On the Adoption of the National Strategy on Human Rights. [Zakon Ukrayiny. Pro zatverdzhennia Natsionalnoii strategii u sferi prav liudyny].” Accessed April 25, 2020. http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/501/2015.
RU.DELFI. “Protests by the Parliament of Lithuania. What will happen with schools in Vilnius? (Protesty u pravitelstva Litvy. Chto budet so shkolami Vilniskogo kraia?)” Accessed April 27, 2020. http://ru.delfi.lt/news/live/protest-u-pravitelstva-litvy-chto-budet-so-shkolami-vilnyusskogo-kraya.d?id=68125716.
Sokolova M., “Advocacy democracy modes: Benefits and limitations.” Informacijos Mosklai (2014): 110–21.
The Mayor.EU. “Take part in “Let’s do it” initiative to clean up Lithuania in a day!” Accessed April 9, 2020. https://www.themayor.eu/en/take-part-in-lets-do-it-initiative-to-clean-up-lithuania-in-a-day.
Talaka. “Seven Facts about Talaka [Sem faktov o Talaka].” Accessed April 25, 2020. https://www.talaka.org/.
Ukrainska Pravda. “Arrests are Happening Again in Minsk.” Accessed April 24, 2020. http://www.pravda.com.ua/news/2017/03/26/7139323/.
Ukrainska Pravda. “Freedom Day in Belarus: Militia Fills in Autozaks with Arrested.” Accessed April 25, 2020. http://www.pravda.com.ua/news/2017/03/25/7139266/.
UNHCR. “Nations in Transit 2018. Lithuania.” Accessed April 27, 2020. https://www.refworld.org/docid/5b3cc27fa.html.
Jonathan M. Tisch College of Civic Life. “Civic Leaders explore the Frontiers of Democracy”. Accessed April 23, 2020. https://tischcollege.tufts.edu/news/civic-leaders-explore-frontiers-democracy.
United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner. “Belarus: unchanged oppression of human rights necessitates continuation of UN mandate, Special Rapporteur says.” Accessed November 28, 2018. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/.
Copyright (c) 2020 Svitlana Batsyukova
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Kyiv-Mohyla Law and Politics Journal provides free access to original research without restriction barriers (i.e. subscription fees, licensing fees etc.).
Unless otherwise indicated, content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, which means you are free to:
distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially
...provided that any use is made with attribution to author(s) and Kyiv-Mohyla Law and Politics Journal.
The copyright in the article or any other submission to Kyiv-Mohyla Law and Politics Journal shall remain with the author(s).
The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.