Responding to Hybridity in an Unstable Neighborhood: The Efficiency of the EU State-centric Approach to the Crisis in Libya and Ukraine


  • Luca Raineri Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Italy
  • Kateryna Ivashchenko-Stadnik National Academy of Sciences, Ukraine
  • Roman Petrov National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine



European Union, crisis response, hybridity, security sector reform, humanitarian assistance, stabilization.


This article investigates the complex problems arising from the discrepancy of traditional liberal crisis response approaches in the new type of complex emergencies. Based on the in-depth empirical analysis, it examines the EU role in addressing security sector reforms, humanitarian assistance and warfare in Libya and Ukraine, two key EU neighboring countries with ongoing military conflicts. It is argued that the observed over-emphasis on state-centric stabilization measures, with its main focus on formal state structures, fails to deal with the hybrid dynamics of conflict and peacebuilding in both countries. It is suggested that to shape comprehensive crisis response in an unstable neighborhood a multi-layered perspectives approach to security, sensitive to plural agencies and informal rules, should be developed both outside and within EU borders.

Supporting Agencies

  • EU Commission Horizon 2020 Project EUNPACK — Good intentions
  • mixed results. A conflict sensitive unpacking of the EU comprehensive approach to conflict and crisis mechanisms [H2020-INT‑05–2015]
  • Grant Agreement n. 693337 http
  • //


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How to Cite

Raineri, L., Ivashchenko-Stadnik, K., & Petrov, R. (2020). Responding to Hybridity in an Unstable Neighborhood: The Efficiency of the EU State-centric Approach to the Crisis in Libya and Ukraine. Kyiv-Mohyla Law and Politics Journal, (6), 1–25.